[7/20/1869] Notes of the Museum of Mayence-most interesting in Roman remains of any we have seen-partly because we had an intelligent guide with us who explained everything.
Relics of 22nd Roman Regiment-which our cicerone said was the same which "assisted at the Saviour's Crucifixion." Leather from their garments with name of the manufacturer stamped upon it; stylus for writing & table for wax to "take the impression"; sandals of the soldiers-leather-well preserved skeletons with bracelets, rings on the finger bones, a pot for wine, a dish for food, a lamp, & in the mouth of the skeleton a piece of gold-all just as found in an old Roman grave near here & showing their theology (the gold to pay the "boat man pale" who ferries the departed across the solemn river). Also urns with ashes of those who were burned after death-in each a piece of money. Found in this shape [sketch of roof shape] (tiles forming a little roof over the urn). Garden tools like ours; sheep shears precisely similar; hair pins of wood, iron & gold according to rank; fish hooks showing that we have made no progress in that branch of manufacture; a pretty bronze chariot with warrior, a child's toy this) an hour glass; amphora for wine; soldier of 22nd legion with dishes for bread & wine, lamp &c.; stone hand-mills with which the soldiers ground their bread; elegant box to collect money from "the faithful"-found in a Roman temple; statues of Augustus & the Mother of Hero [?]which the guide said "were from here." He said remains of Roman times were being found constantly in the vicinity, that "yesterday workmen came across thirty-six swords-far below ground." Among the pictures fine portrait of Thorwaldsen by Dr. Ed. Heuss of Mayence; fine Jordeaus [?]
"Christ with the Doctors"#
[continued inside front cover:J #in the Temple"-to my taste much superior to any other by this master & reminding one most of his teacher. It was given to the city by Napoleon (who disclaimed to take nor to bestown [?] neither kingdoms, wine-vineyards, salt mines or pictures!) in 1809. The "Bonaparte Portraits" were interesting-particularly that of "Madame la Mere [accent grave over 1st e]", &The Throne Room of the old electors was a fine spacious apartment with marble monoliths in imitation.
[2nd page front unnumbered pages continues from the last entry in the journal and it is transcribed in its proper order.]